SCIgen and IEEE

As you know the SCIgen is a program that randomly generates nonsense
in the form of computer science research papers, including graphs,
diagrams, and citations. It uses a custom-made context-free grammar to
form all elements of the papers.
Scientists launched SCIgen in order to check the thousand of bogus
IEEE Conferences that have been publishing hundred of bogus papers
each year collecting theworst junk of 5th and 6th class scientists.

In 2005, a paper generated by SCIgen, Rooter: A Methodology for the
Typical Unification of Access Points and Redundancy, was accepted as a
"non-reviewed" paper to the 2005 IEEE World Multiconference on
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics and the authors were invited to
The authors of SCIgen described their hoax on their website, and it
soon received great publicity when picked up by Slashdot.
WMSCI withdrew their invitation, but the SCIgen team went anyway,
renting space in the hotel separately from the conference and
delivering a series of randomly generated talks on their own "track."
The organizer of all these conferences is Professor Nagib Callaos. The
WMSCI was also sponsored by the Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers from 2000 until 2005. The IEEE stopped granting
sponsorship to Callaos in 2006, while Callaos received again IEEE
sponsorship in 2008.

Submitting the paper was a deliberate attempt to embarrass WMSCI,
which the authors claim accepts low-quality papers and sends
unsolicited requests for submissions in bulk to academics.
As the SCIgen website states:

One useful purpose for such a program is to auto-generate submissions
to conferences that you suspect might have very low submission
standards. A prime example, which you may recognize from spam in your
inbox, is SCI/IIIS and its dozens of co-located conferences (check out
the very broad conference description on the WMSCI 2005 website).

List of works with noticeable acceptance in IEEE Bogus Conferences

Rob Thomas: Rooter: A Methodology for the Typical Unification of
Access Points and Redundancy, 2005 for WMSCI (see above)
Mathias Uslar's paper was accepted to the IPSI-BG conference

Professor Genco Gülan published a paper in the 3rd International
Symposium of Interactive Media Design

Students at Iran's Sharif University of Technology published a paper
in the Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computation
(which is published by Elsevier).
The students wrote under the false, non-Persian surname,
MosallahNejad, which translates literally as: "from an Armed Breed".
The paper was subsequently removed when the publishers were informed
that it was a joke paper[7].
In the same category one can count the Conferences of Wessex Institute
of Technology which are totally junk conferences

It seems also that the IEEE IARIA Conference accepted another bogus
A paper titled "Towards the Simulation of E-Commerce" by Herbert
Schlangemann got accepted as a reviewed paper at the "International
Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering" (CSSE) and
was briefly in the IEEE Xplore Database [9]. The author is named after
the Swedish short film Der Schlangemann. Furthermore the author was
invited to be a session chair during the conference[10].Read the
official Herbert Schlangemann Blog for details[11]. The official
review comment: "This paper presents cooperative technology and
classical Communication. In conclusion, the result shows that though
the much-touted amphibious algorithm for the refinement of randomized
algorithms is impossible, the well-known client-server algorithm for
the analysis of voice-over- IP by Kumar and Raman runs in _(n) time.
The authors can clearly identify important features of visualization
of DHTs and analyze them insightfully. It is recommended that the
authors should develop ideas more cogently, organizes them more
logically, and connects them with clear transitions"
In 2009, the same incident happened and Herbert Schlangemann's latest
fake paper "PlusPug: A Methodology for the Improvement of Local-Area
Networks" has been accepted for oral presentation at another
international computer science conference [12]. Recently, Denis Baggi,
Chairman, IEEE CS confessed, according to a comment on the
Schlangemann Blog, that "Selection criteria such a refereeing etc. are
meaningless", probably means that IEEE has accepted the unreliability
and bogosity of its conferences. Denis Baggi also adds: "Articles
should be written only if someone has something to tell others, in
which case the validity of the paper is obvious".

Criticism concerning publishers
Recently, many fake papers appeared in several IEEE conferences,
because the IEEE grants its name and its logo to many local organizers
who supposedly do not conduct a thorough review process. It is being
argued that such conferences only exist to make money out of
researchers that are looking for a simple way to publish their work,
in particular publishers like IARIA,, HIGHSCI and SRP appear
questionable. As seen from their web sites, IARIA, HIGHSCI and SRP use
the name of IEEE and the IEEE publishing services, thus attracting
numerous papers. Some people to test some conference go further and
sent the paper "A Statistical Method For Women That Can Help Our
Sexual Education" in the IEEE Conference organized by IARIA. This
paper receive automatical acceptance within a few hours with
simultaneus "command" of direct payment. Unfortunately this paper was
not published because the authors did not pay the registration fee.
However the letter of acceptance is published on the web and anybody
can check it:,

Other protest blogs are:
^ Rob Thomas. "The Dangers of Spamferences" (HTML).
^ "SCIgen - An Automatic CS Paper Generator". MIT.
^ "Mathias Uslar's paper.".
^ "About Genco Gulan's paper.".
^ Rohollah Mosallahnezhad. "Cooperative, Compact Algorithms for
Randomized Algorithms" (PDF).
^ John L. Casti. "REMOVED: Cooperative, compact algorithms for
randomized algorithms".
^ "Conferences of Wessex Institute of Technology without review".
^ "Paper on the IEEE Database".
^ "CSSE Conference Program".
^ "Schlangemann's blog".
^ [ "IEEE International Conference on e-
Business and Information System Security"].
^ "Some other conferences of IEEE".
^ "Bogus Conferences".
^ "Conferences that you must avoid".
^ "Another Letter of acceptance in an IEEE Conference".
^ "Other IEEE Conferences".